Anopheles spp.

Virtual Microscope


  • Insect: Three part body (head/thorax /abdomen) and 6 legs 
  • 1 pair of functional wings with veins and scales
  • 3 long pairs of legs (resembling hairs)
  • Feathery antennae
  • Long, forward-facing mouthparts (proboscis)
  • Thorax with scales
  • Dusk and night activity
  • Complete metamorphosis (holometabole development)
  • Only the female sucks blood (for egg production)


•Medical significance:

  • in Switzerland: nuisance
  • In tropics and subtropics: Vector of malaria, filariasis

Eggs, larvae, pupae mainly in the water, but they require atmospheric air for breathing 

•Development connected to water


  • Eggs are deposited by the female on the water's surface
  • They have lateral floats (air chambers)
  • Approximately 50 - 200 eggs per batch
  • Larvae hatch after about 2 days
  • Sensitive to dry conditions
  • Breeding can occur in various habitats.