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Leishmaniasis, visceral
Epidemiology
  • Visceral leishmaniasis is caused by members of the L. donovani complex:
    L. d. donovani: in East India and northern and East Africa
    L. d. infantum: in the Middle East and the Mediterranean region
  • Most species are anthropo-zoonotic, with dogs as an important reservoir
  • Transmission by sandflies. Exceptionally, transmission from person to person by blood transfusion, transplants or sexual contact.
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