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Leishmaniasis, cutaneous
Epidemiology
  • The geographical distribution of cutaneous leishmaniasis is species dependent:
    L. major: India, central Asia, Middle East and parts of Africa
    L. tropica: south-west Asia, Middle East and Mediterranean
    L. aethiopica: Ethiopia and Kenya
  • Prevalence is correlated with the exposure to Phlebotomus spp. vectors
  • All cutaneous Leishmania species (except L. tropica) have an animal reservoir (zoonosis)
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