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Hookworm disease
  • There is damage (minor haemorrhage, inflammation, oedema) by the invading larvae in the skin and in the lung as a consequence of their migration
  • Attachment of adult worms provokes haemorrhage and ulcerations in the small intestine
  • Hookworms feed continuously on blood which causes blood loss in the host and may result in hypochromic microcytic anaemia.