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Hookworm disease
Diagnostic Methods
Diagnostic methodsPros and cons
Parasitological diagnosis 
Ova can be easily recovered from fresh stools using direct smears or concentration methods.
In older unpreserved stool samples, rhabditiform larvae can be detected and have to be distinguished from Strongyloides. Hookworm larvae have a long, Strongyloides, a very short buccal cavity!
  • Microscopy is the gold standard!
  • The two hookworm species may be differentiated if adult worms are found
Molecular diagnosis 
Not available 
Antigen detection 
No tests available 
Antibody detection 
Is of no diagnostic value