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Hookworm disease
Clinical Findings
  • Characteristic cutaneous lesions (“ground itch”) by larval penetration and secondary bacterial infections after scratching
  • Pulmonary symptoms (1 to 2 weeks after infection) with dry cough, asthmatic wheezing, tracheitis and fever may occur during the lung migration phase
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms may be absent or may lead to a variety of symptoms (e.g. anorexia, flatulence, abdominal discomfort and diarrhoea)
  • Heavy and chronic hookworm infections lead to anaemia accompanied by other manifestations (like apathy, fatigue, palpitation)
  • In schoolchildren heavy infections may have serious consequences (retarded growth, delay in puberty and eventually mental retardation)
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